Experts of «Metrium Group» made this conclusion, having compared figures of new projects on the primary market with the requirements of city authorities.
Today it is hard to imagine a new building without its own parking space. According to the evaluation of «Metrium Group» analysts, only 4 out of 46 residential complexes that entered Moscow market in 2016 don’t have a separate parking. And these projects are mostly an exception. However, in itself the existence of an underground or a separate parking doesn’t guarantee that the number of parking places will correspond with the number of cars owned by future residents. But, in theory, it has to at least meet the standards prescribed by the local authorities. Specialists of «Metrium Group» decided to check is it really so.
The results of the research turned out to be rather discouraging. Out of all the Moscow new buildings, where sales started in 2016, only 15,2% projects meet the existing requirements concerning number of car storage lots. In 17,4% more residential complexes a number of parking places is below normal, but the difference in figures is less than 20%. In 32,6% of projects the experts counted from 20% to 40% less car places than the required amount. And in 26,1% new buildings the deficit of car lots is more than 40%.
Whereas the maximum divergence with the norm is recorded on 85% level. The remaining 8,7% don’t have parkings at all. Therefore, 84,8% of projects released in the past year don’t correspond with the normatives of the availability of parking places.
The calculations by «Metrium Group» experts were carried out in accordance with Moscow Government Decision №945-PP dated 23.12.2015 «About adoption of regional normatives of Moscow city projecting in transport field, roads of regional and inter-municipal importance». If previously the minimal number of car places in a house under construction used to depend on its class and was from 1 to 2 car places per apartment, according to this document a more flexible calculation system was introduced.
The Decision imposed a new basic value: one parking lot per 80 square meters from total area of a house, which construction is led with investor’s funding (and 90 square meters for construction financed from the budget).
Further two defining coefficients are applied to this rate, depending on the location of a residential complex. First is a correlation between a number of daytime population and resident population. For example, in the central part of Moscow and adjacent districts (Zone 0) the number of people driving to work in the daytime exceeds the resident population by more than 2 times. Proceeding from this fact, in the evening and at night street parking space is less loaded, and the residents don’t have the need in extra parking lots. That’s why a 0,7 defining coefficient from a basic value is fixed for Zone 0 (1 car place for every 104 square meters). And in further civic districts and New Moscow territories (Zone 3) the number of daytime population is less that the resident. Coefficient 1 acts here.
The second factor influencing the calculation of car places number is the availability of public transport. If a ground public transport stop is located in 250 meters radius from a building, than developer can plan 15% less car lots than the normative (defining coefficient 0,85, 1 car place per every 92 square meters).
If a metro, train of MRR station is located not further than 500 meters from a complex, then the defining coefficient will be 0,7. If there is no ground or other public transport nearby, that coefficient 1 is applied.
The calculation formula of normal number of car places looks as follows:
N – necessary number of car lots
S – total area of an object
S1 – object’s area per one car lot
K1 – defining coefficient of correlation between the number of daytime and resident population
K2 – defining coefficient depending on the accessibility of a residential complex by city public transport
For example, for a residential complex with total area of 30 square meters in Cheryomushki district (Zone 1, coeff. 0,8) in a location further than 500 meters from a metro station, but next to a bus stop (coeff. 0,85), the calculation will be the following: N=30000/80*0,8*0,85. The calculated number of car places will be 255 units.
At the same time, analysts of «Metrium Group» identified an interesting moment. If previously projects of a higher class were supposed to have more car places, and more affordable housing - less, now, according to the new normatives, the situation turned vice versa. Traditionally, elite residential complexes are located in the city center, where the concentration of metro stations is higher. And to projects like these two 0,7 coefficients are applied. In civic districts far from metro stations coefficients will be equal to one. Which means for a project with 30,000 square meters total area in Central Administrative District parking normative will be 184 car lots, and for a residential complex with the same area in New Moscow - 375 car lots.
Having made a calculation using this formula for every residential complex that entered Moscow market in 2016, the experts of «Metrium Group» made a conclusion that only 7 out of 46 residential complexes correspond with new requirements.
It’s quite expected that the majority of them refer to the elite segment - 4 projects. Two more are positioned in business class category. And only in one comfort class complex - «Kvartaly 21/19» - the compliance of a number of planned car places with the norms was recorded. Moreover, not only compliance, but exceedance of the required minimum by 24%.
«To be fair, it has to be noted that the majority of the residential complexes that entered the market in 2016 were projected and received initial-permissive documentation before the introduction of new requirement, - sums up Maria Litinetskaya, managing partner of «Metrium Group». - So it is not criminal that the majority of new projects don’t correspond with the normatives. However, the research carried out by our company allowed us to identify the projects that plan higher car places availability parameters even without instructions «from the above». Considering the speed of the expansion of paid parking zones in Moscow, residential complexes with their own parkings, which sizes correspond with the number of residents, will become even more demanded».
«Our project is an example of an integrated approach to the development of a former industrial zone, - comments Andrey Kolochinskiy, managing partner of NC «VektorStroyFinance» (developer of RC «Kvartaly 21/19»). - We don’t only build housing, we create comfortable space, addressing the interests of all future residents. That’s exactly why we envisaged several underground and above-ground parkings that are able to accommodate all personal transport of the apartments purchasers. This is especially relevant considering the fact that «Kvartaly 21/19» are constructed according to the «yard without cars» concept. Which means that residents will not be able to leave their cars on the yard territory. But at the same time they will have a more convenient alternative for organized parking».