But 12 years ago, the government guaranteed 35 square meters to each of us by 2020
In 2016, Igor Shuvalov, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian government, paid a visit to Kazan to inspect houses being built in the region as part of the dilapidated housing resettlement program. As reported by "SP", at the end of his visit, the official said said that it seems ridiculous that the real estate market not only exist, but also very popular with buyers of apartments with an area of only 20 square meters.
His words were almost instantly scattered on social networks, whose users sarcastically agreed that the authorities, who own several multimeter expensive apartments in the country and allow themselves to rent such property abroad, may not understand why for ordinary Russians such "birdhouses" are the only affordable housing.
This was two years ago. And then it seemed that 20-meter studios, really, were the top of apartment "minimalism". However, quite a bit of time has passed, and now, when on the shelves of shops you will not find a kilogram of sugar or a full liter of milk, what was considered a "cage", looks downright chic offer.
At least, this is the conclusion that emerges from the recent conversation of "SP" with the managing partner of the company "VectorStroyFinance" Andrey Kolochinskiy about the latest trends in apartment construction of houses.
— Before the crisis of 2008, projects in the market of new buildings were characterized mainly by increased area sizes, - he explained. - In the crisis period, developers began to revise new and even some ongoing projects in the direction of reducing the area. Moreover, this has occurred both in the budget segment and in the more expensive classes of accommodation.
This trend was continued in the crisis of 2014-2015, being relevant until now. At the same time, the market is characterized not only by a decrease in space, but also the appearance of such a product as a studio. And if earlier the share of studios was negligible, today in the market of new buildings of the Moscow region it reaches 8-10% of the total supply.
"SP": — What is the area of apartments is considered the most optimal today?
— Today the average size of the studios are 25 sq.m., one-bedroom apartments - 38 sq. m., one bedroom - 55 sq.m. two-bedroom - 70 - 75 sq. m. In the past five years European format apartment with a combined kitchen and living room started to gain popularity. The space can be effectively organized even in a small area. Moreover, the European format is in demand, even if we are talking about multi-room apartments — two- and three-bedroom.
"SP": — Did the ratio of one-bedroom, two-bedroom and three-bedroom apartments change? On what principle does the developer determine how many apartments of each type to provide in the project?
— If we talk about the ratio of different apartments in the projects, it is necessary to take into account the location of the object and its target audience. So, now in residential complexes of point building without own adjacent territory and the developed infrastructure or the projects located near metro stations, the share of studios and one-room apartments can account for up to 50% of the total supply, 35% - for two-room and only 15% for three-room apartments. And, on the contrary, if we are talking about family residential complexes with developed infrastructure and landscaping, one-bedroom apartments are designed no more than 30%, two-bedroom - 40%, and three-bedroom - 30%.
"SP": — Is it true, based on the cost per square meter, that studios are the most expensive type of housing?
— That's true. Today in the market of capital new buildings of a mass segment the average cost of square meter of studio approaches 200 thousand rubles while in multi-room apartments of the same class the square meter costs 160-180 thousand rubles. That is the less the area of the apartment, the more expensive there is a "square".
"SP": — Who's buying studio apartments and small apartments? Are there any features of living in a house with a large number of studios and small one-bedroom apartments?
— Small apartments - for many a good option first own housing. Such apartments are bought by parents to their children or young families.
Of course, such a product is not purchased from a good life - first of all, the buyer is guided by the budget. Often, such housing is temporary, after some time it is sold and bought real estate larger area.
As for the features of living-they really are. If more than 20 - 25% of studios are designed in a residential complex, it will be uncomfortable to live in it. There will be overpopulation, which will result in queues at the elevator, lack of free parking spaces at the house and so on.
"SP": — What is profitable for developers to build - small-sized options or spacious housing?
— From the economic point of view, it is more profitable for developers to build large apartments. They are easier to design, easier to coordinate insolation. In a house with an increased area of apartments less bathrooms, risers, load-bearing structures. However, when planning an apartment, developers focus on the current demand and solvency of buyers. In adverse economic conditions, with the inevitable decline in demand, they try to adapt the product to the crisis market as much as possible. First of all, by reducing the purchase budget and reducing the area of apartments.
"SP": — What are your predictions for the future? Will the average area of apartments continue to decrease further?
— The tendency to reduce the area of apartments can be traced for years. In my opinion, there is simply nowhere to decrease further.
So, now in a number of projects in the Moscow region there are studios with an area of 16-17 sq. m. It is difficult to imagine life in such an apartment. Unfortunately, so far the economic situation in our country remains unstable, real incomes are declining due to high inflation rates. Even people who buy real estate in the mortgage, plan their payments on the loan based on the current realities. It is unlikely that anyone will give the last money for the loan, leaving no savings for an emergency. Therefore, our citizens are squeezed and buy affordable housing of a small area.
It is difficult to say how long this situation will last. Everything will depend on macroeconomic factors. But I don't think it's likely to change in the next couple of years.
It is noteworthy that these words of the expert still look quite soft. But, for example, the specialists of the Federal portal "WORLD of APARTMENTS" are increasingly found in the base of their resource offers of 11 and 10 square meters.
In Pervoprestolnaya, they testify, for the price of a room in a communal apartment (2.25 million rubles), a 10-meter renovated studio in Cherkizov on the first floor of a five-story building is offered. A similar option is sold, for example, in Krasnoyarsk: 10 sq. m. for 940 thousand rubles. In Kazan and Volgograd there are microstudies on 10 "squares" for 925 and 599 thousand rubles respectively. 11-meter studios are sold in St. Petersburg for 1.53 million rubles and Yekaterinburg for 1.1 million rubles. Similar 11-meter "practically apartments" are located in Perm, Rostov-on-don, Chelyabinsk, Krasnodar, Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Ufa (Studio with a sitting bath), Voronezh and Omsk.
However, the General Director of the Federal portal "WORLD of APARTMENTS" Pavel Lutsenko somewhat defuses the situation, noting that the supercompact studio with area of 10-13 square meters can be found only on the "secondary". "No matter how small the plans of modern developers, to such "heights" they, fortunately, have not yet reached. This is usually converted and furnished as a separate dwelling rooms in the former dormitories and hotel type houses. They have everything you need for a full, but often still temporary residence, " he says.
It's reassuring, of course. But only if we do not remember what the government promised the Russians in its "Concept of long-term social and economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020" approved on November 17, 2008. In this official policy document, in particular, it was stated that "as a result of the implementation of new strategic directions of the state housing policy by 2020, a qualitatively new level of the housing sector should be formed, corresponding to world standards." And it should be characterized, for a moment, including bringing the housing stock "to a state that meets modern conditions of energy efficiency, ecology", as well as achieving "average housing security (25-27 sq. m. total area per person in 2015 and 28-35 sq. m. - by 2020).
As with these odious plans correlate 15-meter studios - "birdhouses", which are not from a good life forced to buy on bonded credit terms families with children - neither in the concept nor in the current government documents, you can’t find a single word.